"Die Gewerkschaften in Japan" (The Japanese Trade Unions) Monat, Jahr: November 2012

The organisational sophistication of Japanese trade unions has been in notable decline since the 1960s. Especially the growing number of workers in precarious employment is hardly organised in unions. This paper analyses legislation that affects trade unions, as well as organisational patterns on the firm- and sector-/national-level.

Erst 1989 wurde mit RENGO (Nippon Sōrōdō Kumiai Sōrengō Kai, Japanese Trade Union Confederation/JTUC-RENGO) in Japan ein einflussreicher, nationaler Gewerkschafts-Dachverband gegründet. RENGO hat heute 6,9 Millionen Mitglieder und den deutlich höchsten Organisationsgrad unter den japanischen Gewerkschaftsorganisationen. Der Organisationsgrad der japanischen Gewerkschaften sinkt seit den 1960er Jahren kontinuierlich. Vor allem die zunehmende Zahl von Arbeitnehmern in prekären Beschäftigungsverhältnissen (inzwischen mehr als 30 Prozent der Arbeitnehmerschaft) ist kaum gewerkschaftlich organisiert.

Die die Gewerkschaften betreffenden Gesetze garantieren das Koalitionsrecht, das Recht auf Abschlüsse von Tarifverträgen sowie das Streikrecht. Streiks werden in erster Linie auf Betriebsebene von den Betriebsgewerkschaften organisiert, welche auch unabhängig Tarifabschlüsse aushandeln können. Die sektoralen Gewerkschaftsorganisationen und die nationalen Dachverbände spielen eher eine koordinierende Rolle.

Japan Office

7-5-56 Akasaka
Tokyo, 107-0052

+03 6277-7551
+03 3588-6035


Photo: Conference, FES Japan


Japanese-German dialogue on issues of security policy in Northeast Asia

The security situation in Northeast Asia was the topic of high-level Japanese-German political dialogue.

Read more

2018 East Asian Forum on UN Peace Operations “New Directions and New Approaches in UN Peace Operations, The Primacy of Politics and Protection of Civilians”

On the 2018 East Asian Forum on UN Peace Operations we reviewed the changing goals of peacekeeping, discuss directions and approaches taken by the United Nations and the four countries of East Asia, Mongolia, Korea, China, and Japan.

Read more

Phase out from nuclear and coal, energy transition and citizen's participation in Germany

Aiming to intensify the dialogue on environmental protection within civil society, chairman Hubert Weiger and other representatives of the biggest environmental organization in Germany (Bund für Umwelt und Naturschutz Deutschland/FoE Germany), will join in on a dialogue program with both Japanese environmental organizations and political representatives.

Read more
Graphic: Publications, J. Traud

Latest Publications

Study "Social Innovation Policy for Industry 4.0"

The concept of “Industry 4.0” outlines the vision of a smart factory, which is characterised by the complete networking of all production parts and processes: real time control via ITC and the increased use of robots, which control themselves, are developments that should contribute to greater productivity through resource efficiency. The shift is already under way and the concept of Industry 4.0 is shaping the digital discourse in Germany.

Read more

Interview "House of Representatives Elections 2017"

Interview with Sven Saaler regarding the 2017 House of Represenatives election and the trouble of the largest opposition party, the Democratic Party of Japan.

Read more

Commentary "House of Representatives Elections 2017"

In the 2017 House of Representatives election, the LDP could again win a clear victory. The opposition was more divided than ever, after the break-up of the Democratic Party, and could not pose a serious challenge to the Abe government.

Read more