論文「ドイツの自動車産業の未来-「Disaster」がもたらす変化か、「Design」による変革か?」

中国やシリコンバレーでデジタルモビリティという新しいコンセプトが生まれる一方で、環境保護の観点からディーゼル自動車を禁止する動きが見られる中、ドイツ経済の中核である自動車産業は困難に直面しています。政治には、利害関係者同士の対話を主導するとともにモビリティの変革をサポートすることで、モビリティの未来協定とドイツの自動車産業の変革を実現させることが求められます。

Image: Luca Oleastri – stock.adobe.com

全世界で、20世紀に確立された自動車モビリティのロールモデルが消滅しつつある。経済、雇用、イノベーション、政治の側面で非常に重要な意味を持つドイツと欧州の自動車産業には、今大きな重圧がかかっている。この現象は、自動車業界が拡大路線を取り、売り上げと雇用と輸出を伸ばす中で起きている。

強力かつ全世界に影響を及ぼす巨大トレンドに、都市化する輸送・交通市場における新しいモビリティの需要。そして、勃興するIT業界や中国の産業政策目標が引き起こした、前例のない競争。これら全てが、私達のモビリティに変化を起こしている。これに伴って発展する電気自動車、ネットワーク、自動運転等の技術、そしてシェアリングモビリティが、自動車モビリティに革命を起こすとともに新たなモビリティを生みだすだろう。化石燃料エンジンに代わる電動機と蓄電のコンセプトや、人間が運転しなくてもよいような、補助・自動・自走機能を備えた車も登場する。また、車を所有する代わりに、新しい形のビジネスモデルと販売方法からなる、デジタルプラットフォーム型経済が台頭するだろう。

ドイツを含む欧州の自動車産業では、これらの変化が積み重なって需要と供給に劇的な変化が起き、これまでのビジネスモデルに疑問を投げかけることになる。自動車政策上の規制と企業の内部体制を変えるだけでは、もはやこの変革に対応することはできない。政治、企業、労働組合、消費者が協力して、自動車モビリティの転換を推し進めなければならない。

これを成功させるには、企業、政治、社会それぞれにおける戦略を、社会全体の輸送・交通変革実現という目標で融合する、「モビリティ未来協定」が不可欠である。

Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Japan Office

7-5-56 Akasaka
Minato-ku
Tokyo, 107-0052
Japan

+03 6277-7551
+03 3588-6035

office(at)fes-japan.org

Photo: FES Japan

Events

EPRIE 2019 - Overcoming the challenges posed by social media: How to make it work for social change?

EPRIE aims to share and exchange perspectives and experiences between East Asia and Europe. In 2018, we examined the challenges posed to the media sector by populism and post-truth politics. This year, together with media practitioners, actors from civil society, scholars and politicians, we will focus on social media as a tool for social change.

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C20 Summit "Promoting Peace, Human Rights and Democratic Governance through the SDG 16+"

Growing inequality, humanitarian crisis and violation of fundamental human rights threaten the international community. As conditions and space for civic society to find solutions to these challenges remain restricted, protecting human rights and the freedom of civic society are crucial. To achieve the SDG 16 focusing on Peace, Human Rights and Democratic Governance the civil society and the world leaders of the G20 must solve global challenges together. During the 2019 Summit "Promoting Peace, Human Rights and Democratic Governance through the SDG 16+" the Tokyo Democracy Forum will review and discuss these challenges within SDG 16 and adopt the Declaration of Tokyo Democracy Forum.

 

 

 

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Lecture "Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Middle Powers Amidst Global Power Shifts"

Less wars, more prosperity—that is a global trend since the end of the Cold War. Yet, illiberalism is increasingly spreading, even in democratic countries, and nationalist populism has come to define the policies of some of the great powers. Do we head towards a world where—to speak with Thucydides—the strong do as they like while the weak do as they must? The most fragile and vulnerable states—the Middle Powers—have to find ways out of the conundrum. To that end, they must find solutions regarding the problems in their own societies.

 

Dr. Volker Stanzel is the former ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to Japan and China and currently serves as the Vice President of the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP), Senior Distinguished Fellow at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP), and President of the Association of German-German-Japanese Societies.

 

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Graphic: J. Traud

Latest Publications

Publication "The future of the German automotive industry. Transformation by disaster or by design?"

New concepts of digital mobility from China and Silicon Valley and the issue of environmental driving bans for diesel cars pose grave challenges to the traditional German car industry - the backbone of the German economy. German policies must support the transformation of mobility by initiating a stakeholder dialogue to forge a pact for future mobility to transform the German automotive industry.

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"Education and Patriotism" - A Documentary

The TV documentary "Education and Patriotism" (Kyōiku to aikoku) provides a critical look at recent debates surrounding the introduction of moral education in Japanese elementary and middle schools as a new subject and in particular focuses on the compilation, examination, approval and selection of textbooks for classes in moral education, while extending the analysis to the ongoing history textbook controversies.

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Renewable Energy Policies and the Energy Transition in Japan

This report outlines Japan’s renewable energy policy and the state of the energy transition in the country. It includes current prospects for climate change policy and the status of electrical power systems including nuclear power issues, status sand support policy of renewable energy as well as social issues and political feasibility. Furthermore, long-term vision and scenarios for promoting an energy transition are discussed, including community power and credit systems. Finally, policy recommendations are proposed for promoting energy transition in Japan.

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