"Was es mit den neuen japanischen Sicherheitsgesetzen auf sich hat" ("The New Japanese Security Legislation")

Japan’s refusal of belligerence is a key element of its constitution of 1947. Therefore, the role of Japan’s military used to be interpreted as purely defensive in nature. However, it has remained unclear whether Japan’s Self-Defence Forces were allowed to join multinational efforts of collective security. How can Japan contribute to achieving a global peace?

Japan hat in seiner Verfassung (JV) von 1947 dem Krieg (ius ad bellum) eine Absage erteilt. Der Schlußsatz des Artikels 9 JV erklärt: „Das Recht des Staates auf Kriegführung wird nicht anerkannt.“ Bislang wurden Japans sog. Selbstverteidigungsstreitkräfte (SVS) daher ausschließlich als Instrument zur Landesverteidigung verstanden. Umstritten war und bleibt, ob japanische SVS an Vollzugsmaßnahmen im Rahmen der kollektiven Sicherheit der Vereinten Nationen auch dann noch teilnehmen dürften, falls wie u. a. der Artikel X des US-japanischen Sicherheitsbündnisses von 1952 (revidiert 1960 und alle zehn Jahre neu bestätigt) es vorsieht das Sicherheitssystem der Vereinten Nationen einmal in Kraft treten sollte. Das Problem wurde und wird auf zwei Ebenen diskutiert. Erstens: Welchen Beitrag kann Japan leisten, um angesichts der Wirklichkeit der internationalen Ordnung zu einem auf Gerechtigkeit und Ordnung gegründeten internationalen Frieden zu kommen? Oder, zweitens: Muss Japan das in der Verfassung angestrebte Ideal einer Welt ohne Krieg aufgeben und folglich die Verfassung ändern?

Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Japan Office

7-5-56 Akasaka
Minato-ku
Tokyo, 107-0052
Japan

+03 6277-7551
+03 3588-6035

office(at)fes-japan.org

Photo: Conference, FES Japan

Events

German-Japanese Economy Dialogue

During the visit of Mr. Wolfgang Tiefensee, State Minister of Economy, Science and the Digital Society in the government of Thuringia, the Japanese-German dialogue on economic policy was deepened. Minister Tiefensee met with Diet Members and researchers in Tokyo.

 

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EPRIE 2017- Exchange Program For Regional Integration In East Asia And Europe

EPRIE 2017 will take a closer look at global migration patterns as well as differences and similarities between migration policies in Europe and East Asia.

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Symposium "Ageing Societies and Legal Approaches"

Germany and Japan are both confronting substantial social and political challenges of an increasingly aging society. Their goal is to find sustainable solutions, particularly with regards to social and labor rights. Among important objectives in this field are generational equity, financial viability of the social security system, and prevention of age discrimination. By comparing both countries’ legal frameworks, resolutions and strategies on the issue, potential problems can be uncovered and possibly avoided.

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Graphic: Publications, J. Traud

Latest Publications

Study "Social Innovation Polcy for Industry 4.0"

The concept of “Industry 4.0” outlines the vision of a smart factory, which is characterised by the complete networking of all production parts and processes: real time control via ITC and the increased use of robots, which control themselves, are developments that should contribute to greater productivity through resource efficiency. The shift is already under way and the concept of Industry 4.0 is shaping the digital discourse in Germany.

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Interview "House of Representatives Elections 2017"

Interview with Sven Saaler regarding the 2017 House of Represenatives election and the trouble of the largest opposition party, the Democratic Party of Japan.

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Commentary "House of Representatives Elections 2017"

In the 2017 House of Representatives election, the LDP could again win a clear victory. The opposition was more divided than ever, after the break-up of the Democratic Party, and could not pose a serious challenge to the Abe government.

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